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AMERICANS DON'T WANT THE JOBS I HAVE TO OFFER. IMMIGRANTS DO | OPINION

相比美国人,移民更想要我提供的工作



DAVID MCILWAIN ON 4/25/19 AT 11:38 AM EDT

I run a small seasonal landscaping business in New Jersey.

我在新泽西州开了一家小型季节性园艺公司。

Most of my employees come from Central America. They arrive each year in early April, stay in the U.S. for eight months under seasonal work permits called H-2B visas, pay U.S. and New Jersey taxes—and return home in December as heroes to their families.

我的大部分雇员来自中美洲。每年4月初,他们抵达公司,依据H-2B签证的季节性工作许可证上的规定,在美国停留8个月,然后支付美国和新泽西州的税——等到12月像英雄一样回到家里。



Obviously, the number of H-2B visas needs to be increased. Another weakness in the system is that employers and their employees with a good history are not—and definitely should be—automatically granted renewals. Finally, the application process is complex and expensive and, for the sake of small businesses, needs to be simplified.

显而易见,政府需要增加H-2B签证的数量。 系统的另一个缺点就是,拥有良好历史记录的雇员雇主并非——而是绝对应该——自动获得续约。 最后,申请过程既复杂又昂贵,对于小企业来说,这一点需要简化。

Before you say, “You should hire Americans,” consider this: Americans don't want my kind of jobs.

在你说“你应该雇美国人”之前, 想一想:美国人并不想要我提供的这类工作。

As a requirement of the visa process, I ran “help wanted” ads in my area, and not a single American applied. You can guess why they wouldn't: Who naturally gravitates toward hard labor for eight months and then four months of no work?

作为签证程序的一项要求,我在我所在地区发布了“求助”广告,然而并没有美国人申请。 你可以猜到他们为什么不这样做:谁会愿意辛勤劳动八个月,然后接下来的四个月没有工作?

In contrast, workers from Central America—and Mexico, too—can return to their countries and step into jobs created there by the winter growing season. If everything is progressing as it should, these employees become available to work for their employers year after year, which helps their families, the employers and the customers needing services.

相比而言,来自中美洲和墨西哥的工人也可以返回他们的国家,抓住冬季生长季节带来的就业机会。如果一切都在按预期进行,这些员工可以年复一年地为雇主工作,这对他们的家庭,雇主和需要服务的客户都有益处。



Estimates suggest that there are more than 11 million “illegals” in the U.S. today. Though few people care to face the fact, the shortage of low-skilled labor in the America is a major driver of illegal immigration. That's why strengthening all existing seasonal worker programs in the U.S. is a highly desirable option, given that you can argue convincingly that most seasonal jobs kill a job for an illegal immigrant. If there were a shortage of jobs available in the U.S., few illegal immigrants would come to the country to begin with, and some already here would leave.

据估计,美国现有1100多万“非法移民”。 尽管很少有人关心这一点,但美国缺乏低技能劳动力是非法移民的主要驱动因素。 这就是为什加强美国所有现有的季节性工人计划是一个非常理想的选择,因为你可以坚定地说,大多数季节性工作都不接受非法移民。 如果美国的就业机会不足,很少有非法移民会来,而原来的有些移民也会离开。